The Oneida Lake and Watershed Management Plan

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Watershed Facts, ONEIDA LAKE AND ITS WATERSHED

Oneida Lake Watershed Map

LAKE CHARACTERISTICS

  • Length: 20.9 mi (33.6 km)
  • Maximum width: 5.5 mi (8.8 km)
  • Average depth: 22.3 ft (6.8 m)
  • Amount of water (at 367 ft): 370 billion gallons
  • Length of shoreline: 54.7 mi (88.0 km)
  • Time for water to flow through: 235 days
  • Prevailing winds: westerly to northwesterly

WATERSHED HISTORY

  • Oneida Lake is a remnant of Lake Iroquois that was impounded by a glacier approximately 12,000 years ago.
  • The first major development occurred in the early 1800s. Industrial initiatives included the logging business, sand business, basket making, salt industry, summer resorts, and the glass industry.

WATERSHED CHARACTERISTICS

  • The watershed includes portions of 69 municipalities and a total of 872,722 acres of which:
    • 34% is in Oneida County
    • 25% is in Madison County
    • 16% is in Onondaga County
    • 14% is in Oswego County
    • 10% is in Lewis County
    • <1% is in Cortland County
    Surface water and groundwater from this area drains into Oneida Lake.
  • Approximately 29% of the total land area in the watershed is classified as agricultural and is primarily located in Madison, Oneida, and Onondaga Counties
  • The diverse land use, geology, and soil types influence water quality. Approximately 67% of the Lake surface water volume is from the region north of the lake. Most of sediment and nutrients originate from the southern region.
  • There are 850 miles of trout streams in the Oneida Lake watershed, including 141 miles of stocked streams.
  • The net economic value of Oneida Lake's freshwater fishery was estimated in 1996 to be more than $9.4 million, ranking it first among New York's inland waters.

POPULATION CHARACTERISTICS

  • There are approximately 262,164 people living in the Oneida Lake watershed.
  • Population trends (1970 to 2000) show an overall increase in the populations of Lewis, Madison and Oswego Counties, and a decline in Oneida and Onondaga Counties.
  • Population densities ranged from 588 persons / sq. mile in Onondaga County to 21 persons / sq. mile in Lewis County in 2000.
  • In 1900, 476 dwellings dotted the Oneida Lake shoreline; that number increased to 4298 by 1960. Shoreline populations continue to increase as dwellings along Oneida Lake are converted from seasonal camps to permanent residences.

Watershed History

  • There are portions of six counties and 69 municipalities in the watershed.
  • Oneida Lake is a remnant of Lake Iroquois that was impounded by a glacier approximately 12,000 years ago
  • The first major development occurred in the early 1800s. Industrial initiatives included the logging business, sand business, basket making, salt industry, summer resorts, and the glass industry.
  • Shale and limestone are found in the southern region; erosion-resistant sandstone is found in the north.
  • The diverse land use, geology, and soil types influence water quality. Approximately 67% of the Lake surface water volume is from the region north of the lake (Fish and Scriba Creeks). Most of sediment and nutrients originate from the southern region.

Population Characteristics

  • There are approximately 262,164 people living in the Oneida Lake watershed.
  • Population trends (1970 to 2000) show an overall increase in the populations of Lewis, Madison and Oswego Counties, and a decline in Oneida and Onondaga Counties.
  • Population densities ranged from 588 persons / sq. mile in Onondaga County to 21 persons / sq. mile in Lewis County in 2000.
  • In 1900, 476 dwellings dotted the Oneida Lake shoreline; that number increased to 4298 by 1960. Shoreline populations continue to increase as dwellings along Oneida Lake are converted from seasonal camps to permanent residences.
  • The average per capita personal income in the watershed ranged from $16,922 to $26,325 in 1998.
  • Land use in the watershed is dominated by forest (47.5%) and agriculture (33.5%).
  • Oneida Lake provides anglers with more fish per acre than any other lake in the northeastern United States.
  • The net economic value of Oneida Lake's freshwater fishery was estimated in 1996 to be more than $9.4 million, ranking it first among New York's inland waters.

Municipalities in the Watershed

Cortland County (3)

  1. Town of Cuyler * 
  2. Town of Preble * 
  3. Town of Truxton * 

Lewis County (6)

  1. Town of Lewis
  2. Town of Montague
  3. Town of Martinsburg
  4. Town of Osceola
  5. Town of Turin
  6. Town of West Turin

Madison County (17)

  1. City of Oneida
  2. Town of Cazenovia
  3. Town of DeRuyter
  4. Town of Eaton
  5. Town of Fenner
  6. Town of Lenox
  7. Town of Lincoln
  8. Town of Madison * 
  9. Town of Nelson
  10. Town of Smithfield
  11. Town of Stockbridge
  12. Town of Sullivan
  13. Village of Canastota
  14. Village of Cazenovia
  15. Village of Chittenango
  16. Village of Munnsville
  17. Village of Wampsville

Oneida County (19)

  1. City of Rome (inner & outer dist)
  2. City of Sherrill
  3. Town of Annsville
  4. Town of Augusta
  5. Town of Ava
  6. Town of Camden
  7. Town of Florence
  8. Town of Kirkland * 
  9. Town of Lee
  10. Town of Marshall * 
  11. Town of Verona
  12. Town of Vernon
  13. Town of Vienna
  14. Town of Western * 
  15. Town of Westmoreland
  16. Village of Camden
  17. Village of Oneida Castle
  18. Village of Sylvan Beach
  19. Village of Vernon

Onondaga County (13)

  1. City of Syracuse
  2. Town of Cicero
  3. Town of Dewitt
  4. Town of Fabius
  5. Town of Lafayette
  6. Town of Manlius
  7. Town of Onondaga
  8. Town of Pompey
  9. Town of Tully
  10. Village of East Syracuse
  11. Village of Fayetteville
  12. Village of Manlius
  13. Village of Minoa

Oswego County (11)

  1. Town of Amboy
  2. Town of Albion * 
  3. Town of Constantia
  4. Town of Hastings
  5. Town of Orwell * 
  6. Town of Parish
  7. Town of Redfield
  8. Town of West Monroe
  9. Town of Williamstown
  10. Village of Central Square
  11. Village of Cleveland

 *  Indicates municipalities that have less than a one-half square mile (0.5 mi2) of land located within
the watershed boundary

From data prepared by the Syracuse-Onondaga County Planning Agency, April 2001.


For more information on the Oneida Lake Watershed Management Plan activities e-mail the Central New York Regional Planning Board.

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